Pakistan has a mixed economy that ranks as the 38th largest by GDP and 23rd largest by PPP in the world. Despite being a developing country in South Asia, its economy shows stabilisation signs. With the service and industrial sectors being the major contributors to its economy, it continues to experience economic growth.
The country is the 68th largest exporter worldwide and engages in foreign trade with countries such as China, Indonesia, the United Arab Emirates, Japan, Kuwait, Spain, India, the US and more. Major exports include cotton, clothing, leather, cereals, beverages, mineral fuels and more while imports include mineral fuels, vehicles, organic chemicals, plastics, machinery and oil seeds among other imports.
Pakistan upholds various trade regulations on goods often based on religion, security, health and environmental grounds. However, the country has free trade agreements with most of its trade partners such as China, Malaysia, and more.
Therefore, the information below should provide you with details needed in exploring trade opportunities with the country through sea and air freights.
Pakistan oversees an extensive sea freight forwarding in most ports of the country, of which the biggest ones are described below:
Among Asia’s largest and busiest ports, Karachi Port was established in 1857 and is located in Karachi in Pakistan. It handles an annual cargo tonnage exceeding 65.2 million metric tons and with a container throughput amounting to more than 1.5 million TEUs.
The port consists of a deep natural harbor and state-of-the-art facilities to handle container and liquid cargo among other products. The port is well-connected to nearby regions by good rail and road links.
Also located in Karachi, Sindh in Pakistan, this port was established in the 1970s as a way of undoing the congestion at the Karachi Port. It spreads over 12,200 hectares and handles a wide range of cargo that amounts to more than 16.6million metric tons a year. Its annual container throughput exceeds 681,000 TEUs.
The port consists of well-established rail and road connections to surrounding areas in the country.
This port is located in Gawadar in Balochistan Province, Pakistan and occupies 2,292 acres. It is a recent port whose construction began in 2002. The port currently handles 30 million tons of cargo and has plans of expansion that will enable it to reach up to 400 million tons of cargo.
The port is connected to other regions in the country by its well-established rail and road links.
Below describes an overview of air freight forwarding in major airports of Pakistan.
This airport is located in Karachi in Sindh Province, Pakistan and spreads over 1,150 hectares. The airport was established in 1992 and has cargo handling terminals with a capacity of over 125,700 metric tons of cargo.
Road transport is the airport’s major ground connections to other nearby regions in the country
Established in 2018, this airport is located in Atttock in Punjab, Pakistan. It spreads over 3200 acres and consists of a modular terminal building that handles about 80,000 metric tons of cargo.
The airport consists of well-established road transport as its ground connection to surrounding areas in the country.
Located in Lahore in Punjab, Pakistan, this airport was established in 1962. The airport consists of 3 terminals and occupies a total of 1364 acres. The airport handles an annual cargo tonnage exceeding 90,000 tons.
It has good road and rail transport connections to its neighbouring regions in the country.
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