New Zealand boasts a mixed economy with a free market principle operation. With its exceedingly efficient agricultural department, complemented by a sizeable sector of manufacturing and service industries, it accounts a one-third real expenditure GDP in the exportation of goods and services. This makes the country a major destination in regards to air and sea freight explorations.
Ranked as the 53rd world’s largest national economy in terms of GDP and 68th largest worldwide in terms of PPP, the country maintains globalized economies through trade with countries such as Australia, China, Japan, South Korea, Canada, the United States, and The European Union and other countries.
The country holds free trade agreements with Australia, China, Malaysia, Korea, and other countries. Its sizeable service sector about 65% contributes to a large percentage of its GDP activity. However, the primary sector contributes a larger part of the country’s exports despite accounting for about 6.5%.
New Zealand is ranked 45th largest exporter and 46th largest importer of goods worldwide. Reporting a positive trade balance in the country, this provides a boost to your exportation plan with the country.
New Zealand oversees an extensive sea freight forwarding in most ports of the country, of which the biggest ones are described below:
This port is the largest port in New Zealand and is situated in a convenient natural harbor shielded by Matakana Island and Mount Maunganui. Its suitable location makes it the only natural harbor to offer good shelter to all weather conditions between Wellington and Auckland. It is the largest port in the country in regards to total cargo volume, and comes second in relation to container throughput with volumes greater than 950,000 TEUs.
It has 15 berths, where 12 are situated on the harbor side facing Mount Maunganui and 3 are on the Tauranga side. This port upholds a strong export focus with a total cargo handling of more than 20m tones. The port accommodates big ships with bulk cargo volumes.
The port manages two commercial harbors that operate at all hours to enable quick turnaround for the growing cargo. Located between the central and eastern Auckland waterfront, Port of Auckland contains 55 hectares of storage and wharves areas.
It mainly deals with container, car and bulk shipment and is the highest ranked ports in imported goods and international services. This makes it the largest commercial port in New Zealand with goods handled exceeding NZ$20 billion annually.
The highly networked freight hubs allow better international trade and utilization of rail.
Currently being the largest port for container service within the South Island, it provides a major gateway for imports and exports in the region. It offers an annual storage of about 900 containers in the Empty Container Yard.
Also, reconstruction management at its Cashin Quay 2 wharf situated at the Container Terminal offers storage for larger and extensive draught vessels. It also contains terminals for vehicles (about 60,700 vehicles are imported annually), specialist liquid, and bulk goods as well as a facility for coal export. The total containerized cargo handling per year amounts to more than 424,000 TEUs.
Lyttelton Port is conveniently situated in Banks Peninsula on the coast of Canterbury and provides access to rail connection for 14 shipping lines as well as 9 shipping services.
Located on Hawke Bay, in Napier, New Zealand, the port is currently owned and managed by the Port of Napier Limited. Founded in 1988, it is currently the second largest port in regards to exported goods tonnage. In 2015, it held a record of handling 157,000 containers and a container TEU of 257,382 in 2017, making it the 4th largest container terminal.
It has well-connected access to rail network through the Napier Port Branch. Each year, the port makes over 5.1m of total cargo handled. Napier Port seeks to develop volume growth through a proposed wharf that allows larger vessels within the port.
Situated in Wellington, the port has the best strategic location as an international port with convenient access to both east and west coasts of New Zealand. It services bulk trades, cargo containers, cars and provides facilities such as vanning/devanning and cold storage.
It also has a well-networked Centre Rail service that works on a schedule to connect the North and upper South Islands with Centre Port. In 2017, it had a rise in container TEU amounting to 131,645.
Below describes an overview of air freight forwarding in major airports of New Zealand.
Auckland Airport is the largest as well as the busiest airport in the country. It is located near Mangere (residential suburb) and Airport Oaks. The airport started its operations in 1966 by providing services to Sydney and Australian destinations.
In 2013, the airport was voted the 12th best worldwide at the Skytrax World Airport Awards and best airport within the Australia/Pacific region.
By freight value, it ranks as second largest in the country with export freight capacity amounting to 200,000 tons annually. This makes it record a total of 85% of New Zealand’s export volumes.
It began with an aerodrome in 1936 and went ahead to become New Zealand’s first operating international airport 1950. It is located in Harewood, New Zealand and is the main airport terminal that operates in Christchurch.
Christchurch Airport has two runways situated perpendicularly. It has an annual cargo handling of more than, 30,000 tons.
Wellington Airport is based in Rongotai suburbs in Wellington, New Zealand and lies 5.5km south-east of the city center. It is also the second busiest airport in all of New Zealand with an expanse of 110-hectare site.
It began in 1929 with a grass runway with the current airport becoming officially opened and fully functional in 1959.
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