Italy has a mixed and diversified industrial economy that is driven by the manufacturing, agriculture and service sectors.
As a member of the EU, WTO, OECD, OSCE, and NATO, Italy applies foreign agreements that are signed by these bodies. The country adopts the policy of common trade and holds FTAs with other EU members and some non-EU countries. Imported goods from non-EU countries in the country are levied on a common tariff within the EU.
The country’s major exports include clothing and footwear, vehicles, motorcycles and scooters, metals and metal products, and more while top imports include textiles and clothing, foodstuff and beverages, chemicals, transport and energy products, minerals and nonferrous minerals among others.
Being a developed country with sizeable and extensive infrastructure, the country provides great opportunities for the exploration of foreign trade through sea and air freights.
Italy oversees an extensive sea freight forwarding in most ports of the country, of which the biggest ones are described below:
Occupying over 1,200 hectares, this port was opened in ca. A.D. 1000. It is located in Genoa and is the country’s busiest port in terms of annual cargo tonnage which amounts to 57 million tons and with a cargo throughput exceeding 2 million TEUs.
The port is well connected to other regions in the country by road and rail links.
This port is located in Cagliari, Italy and spreads over an area of 800 hectares. This port has an annual container throughput exceeding 1 million TEUs and cargo tonnage capacity of 50 million tons.
It has good road and rail connections to the other nearby regions in the country.
Located in Naples, Italy, this port spreads over 266 hectares. This port dates back to the ninth century in the period of Greek colonization. The port has an annual cargo tonnage exceeding 25 million tons and a container throughput of around 500,000 TEUs per year. It has various terminals for handling automobiles, container and commercial cargo.
It is connected to nearby regions in the country by well-established rail connections.
Below describes an overview of air freight forwarding in major airports of Italy.
It is located in Varese Province, Italy and occupies an area of 1,220 hectares. It was first opened in 1909 for aircraft testing and began its civil operation in 1948. Its annual cargo tonnage exceeds 500,000 tons.
The airport is well connected to nearby regions by road and rail links.
It is located in Fiumicino, Italy and occupies 1,600 hectares. It was opened in 1961 and is the busiest airport by cargo tonnage. It handles over 150,000 tons of cargo yearly (Adr.it, 2016).
Its main ground transportation to nearby regions include well-established rail and road links.
It was established in the 1930s and is located in the Bergamo Province, Italy. It spreads over an area of 350 hectares. It has an annual cargo tonnage capacity exceeding 110,000 tons.
The airport has well-established rail and road links.